Dogs entering shelters face multiple challenges to their emotional and physical welfare; some of these issues stem from limitations of care available from the shelter organization, and some simply from the shelter’s environment. This paper will attempt to identify these issues and their impact on the dogs, and will discuss possible ways to mitigate these challenges to improve the dogs’ welfare while they are kept in shelters. This will conclude with possible ways of influencing the outcomes of their stays in these organizations.
This paper will examine the ongoing conflict between humans and the North Atlantic right whale (NARW). Although the impact of human whaling and ocean use on whale populations is well known and international conventions have been established to limit whaling, the NARW is still at risk due to human activity. This case study will examine the background and history leading to this current conflict, the human activities currently endangering the whales, the human factors that are driving this situation and possible ways to identify and develop solutions.